Critical Debt Collection KPIs

Updated October 5th 2023

Critical Debt Collection KPIs

Debt collection is a crucial part of any business. As such, it's essential to keep track of your debt collection KPIs. They can help you monitor your financial situation and give you a better idea of how much money is coming into the business.

KPIs for Collection Effectiveness

KPIs are the metrics used to measure and evaluate debt collection processes. They help you to understand how well the business is performing, identify areas for improvement and make decisions about future actions.

Days Sales Outstanding (DSO)

DSO represents the average collection period for accounts receivable. This metric is calculated by dividing 365 (days per year) into the amount of time it takes for a business to receive payment on an account and for that payment to clear out of its bank account.

For example: if you sell products on credit and allow customers 30 days from purchase date before requiring payment in full (plus interest), then your average collection period would be 35 days. Average collection period is generally considered good if it is less than 50 days. 

Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) in debt collection

Right Party Contact Rate (RPC)

RPC is a measure of how well you're identifying and approaching the right person when trying to collect  unpaid accounts receivable. It's calculated by dividing the number of people contacted who were actually responsible for paying — rather than someone else or not at all — by the number of people reached.

For example, if you contact 50 customers and 25 are responsible for paying their bills but only 12 agree to pay, then your RPC will be 50%. That means half of your efforts were wasted because they could not help with collection efforts.

RPC above 80% (or even 90%) is considered to be high as this will ensure that most calls are effective in getting someone on board with payment plans or other arrangements for paying off the debts quickly and easily.

Collector Effectiveness Index (CEI)

CEI, or collector effectiveness index, is a measure of how well your collectors are performing. It is calculated as the ratio between accounts that have been collected from and the total number of accounts called. There are many reasons why it is important. First, it is a good indicator of how many accounts are being collected per day by collectors. Second, it’s also an indicator of the quality of your collection staff because they should be able to get more accounts paid off in less time.

CEI = Number of accounts collected / Number of accounts called

% of Outbound Calls Resulting in Pledge to Pay (PTP)

The formula for PTP is:

(# of pledges + # of payments) / total calls made.

This gives you a sense of how likely customers are to pay their debt after being contacted.

Key KPIs to consider with this metric include:

Profit Per Account (PPA)

PPA is a key metric for measuring performance, and it's also one that can be used to benchmark a company's efforts against those of other companies.

It measures how much profit is made on each account in collection. It takes into account both revenue generated directly from accounts being collected by your team as well as potential additional revenue that could be generated through third-party collections.

Why are Debt Collection KPIs Important?

Debt collection metrics are important indicators of a business' health, performance, and efficiency.

Here's why:

How Can Businesses Use Debt Collection KPIs?


Debt collection KPIs are important because they help monitor the effectiveness of your efforts to collect outstanding debts. If these metrics do not improve over time or are unsatisfactory, you should identify areas where changes and adjustments are needed.

Updated October 5th 2023
Author: Jeremy Crane

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